Other Waste and Recycling Information

Green Waste

What is it?
Greenwaste of plant matter, other than flax, bamboo, cabbage tree leaves, tree stumps or branches greater than 75mm diameter is accepted at the greenwaste rate.

To find out about green waste options and charges in your area contact the Solid Waste and Development Control Officer.

Managing Greenwaste at Home
​​​​​​​​​​​​Greenwaste (garden waste) and food scraps make up around 40% of waste sent to our landfills each year. Not only do they take up valuable space, once sealed in the landfill they break down to form methane gas. Greenwaste and food scraps in the landfill can also contaminate groundwater systems.

Composting —
Composting is an easy way to deal with your food scraps, garden trimmings and lawn clippings. Composting doesn’t form methane gas as the materials have access to the air which prevents methane from forming. There is plenty of information on the internet about composting.

Bokashi —
Bokashi composting uses a selected group of microorganisms to ferment organic waste. It’s odour-free and very fast – usually taking less than two weeks. Once the fermentation is complete you can add the scraps to a worm bin or bury them directly in the soil. Unlike more conventional composting systems, bokashi systems can break down heavier items like meat, fish and cheese.

Worm farming —
Worm farming is a great way to deal with your food scraps and can be done all year round, both inside and out. It’s cheap and easy to get started, perfect for people who have limited space, and produces a rich compost for the garden.

Further Information
The Hokitika Maara Kai Community Garden located on Fitzherbert Street in Hokitika is a joint venture between Poutini Waiora and WestREAP, here you can see the benefits of utilising greenwaste at home. Various workshops are also available to learn more – from worm farming, composting, and edible herbs to making your own beauty products from the garden. Contact WestREAP for more information on their workshops.


Cleanfill sites are usually active or old quarry sites that use cleanfill to fill in the hollow created by excavation. Most cleanfill sites on the West Coast are privately owned.

Only certain categories of cleanfill can be disposed of at these sites. Cleanfill means inert materials that will not cause any adverse environmental or health effects such as:

  • Gravels
  • Clays, soils
  • Concrete, bricks
  • Asphalt, chipseal
  • Pavers and other construction and demolition wastes


What is it?
Fly-tipping is the illegal, deliberate dumping of waste on public or private property. It includes everything from black bin bags to large quantities of commercial and domestic waste. Fly-tipped waste is often found in areas such as lay-bys, car parks or on private land; also on country roads, cycle paths and other areas, often hidden from public view.

It’s a serious offence, with fines up to $1,500 upon conviction in court. Dumped waste includes:

  • Domestic waste
  • Garden waste
  • Large domestic items such as fridges and mattresses
  • Tyres
  • Clinical waste
  • Waste from construction sites
  • Demolition and excavation rubble
  • Commercial waste

Why is it a problem?
It costs a considerable amount of public money every year to clear and it’s taxpayers and private landowners who pay
It’s dangerous to people and wildlife and damages the environment
It spoils the enjoyment of our towns, villages and countryside
It undermines legitimate waste businesses because illegal operators undercut those operating within the law
Areas which are frequently fly-tipped may see property prices go down and local businesses may see a loss in trade.

How to Report Fly-Tipping
If waste is deposited on private land it is the responsibility of the land owner to have the materials removed and legally disposed of. You may report fly-tipping by contacting us. Alternatively you can report an incident by telephoning Council on 03 756 9010. It’s helpful if you can use the form below to record details of fly tipping and send it to us.

What should I do if I see someone fly-tipping?
If possible make a note of the vehicle type, colour and registration and a description of the person fly-tipping. Report the incident to us even if you were not able to take these details. Please try to provide us with a clear description of both the type of materials involved and the exact location.

Hazardous Waste

A hazardous waste store is maintained at all landfills or transfer stations. Materials from other disposal sites and any wastes brought into the transfer site are stored, for disposal on a regular basis as part of a West Coast-wide hazardous materials disposal programme.Our focus is now on publicising the alternative to dumping materials that can be very harmful to people, water supplies or the environment.

The following materials will be accepted for disposal:

  • Poisons
  • Chemicals
  • Solvents
  • Pesticides
  • Herbicides
  • Paint
  • Lead-acid, Ni-Cd and NiMH batteries
  • Empty LPG gas bottles
  • Waste oil/filters

The following materials will not be accepted:

  • Hazardous wastes in greater than 20kg amounts without special charges applying
  • Explosives
  • Radioactive materials (smoke detectors are not hazardous, dispose of them with general refuse)
  • Asbestos materials

Hazardous Waste
What happens to hazardous wastes?

Some are dealt with by reuse (e.g. paints, permitted chemicals) and some go to specialist recovery processors in New Zealand. Hokitika Transfer Station has an agrecovery container which accepts triple rinsed chemical containers for recycling at nominal charge. If in doubt, please contact the Solid Waste and Development Control Officer.

Zero Waste

What is Zero Waste?

  • Aims to eliminate rather than “manage” waste.
  • Is a whole system approach that aims for a massive change in the way materials flow through society – resulting in NO WASTE.
  • Is both an end of pipe solution which encourages waste diversion through recycling and resource recovery, and a guiding design philosophy for eliminating waste at source and at all points down the supply chain.
  • Is a unifying concept or “brand” for a basket of existing and emerging technologies aimed at the elimination of waste.
  • Resets the compass with new tools and new ways of thinking so that normal, everyday activities contribute to the answer rather than the problem.
  • Redesigns the current, one-way industrial system into a circular system modelled on Nature’s successful strategies.
  • Helps communities achieve a local economy that operates efficiently, sustains good jobs, and provides a measure of self-sufficiency.
  • Maximises recycling, minimises waste, reduces consumption and ensures that products are made to be reused, repaired or recycled back into nature or the marketplace.
  • Is a powerful new concept that enables us to challenge old ways of thinking and inspires new attitudes and behaviour – the hallmarks of a breakthrough strategy.

Is it possible to achieve Zero Waste?
At first, Zero Waste seems impossible. How can we expect to eliminate all waste and, if we could, wouldn’t it be prohibitively expensive? Even if we could afford it, where would we start?

Fortunately, Zero Waste isn’t something that we need to invent from scratch. After all, it builds on the longest running, most successful Zero Waste model of all – nature. Even in our human-made world, many of the building blocks are already in place, with many successful models throughout the world. Zero Waste is a goal – like the manufacturing goals of Zero Emissions, Zero Accidents and Zero Defects – or like the ‘Smoke Free’ and ‘Nuclear Free’ campaign goals. All of these were adopted as ‘impossible’ targets at the beginning but have since proved their worth by dramatically changing industry and society.

Visit http://communityrecyclers.org.nz for further information on Zero Waste.